Her rheumatologist instructed her to undergo a baseline ocular examination prior to initiating Plaquenil (hydroxychloroquine, Sanofi-Aventis) therapy. Toxic maculopathy associated with chloroquine use was first documented in the literature five decades ago.1 In the United States, Plaquenil––an analog to chloroquine––is used to treat a variety of conditions, including rheumatoid arthritis, lupus and several distinct inflammatory disorders. Although the incidence of macular toxicity is infrequent with Plaquenil use (at a dosage of 200mg or 400mg q.d.), its visual impact can be devastating. Psoriasis plaquenil Rob holland hydroxychloroquine Multifocal Electroretinopathy measures electrical responses of various cell types in the retina. It is thought that although the bull’s eye seen on ophthalmic exam represents a disruption of the pigmented part of the retina, it is the photoreceptors that are the targets of hydroxychloroquine toxicity. Dec 04, 2014 Hydroxychloroquine HCQ is an anti-malarial medication that has in recent times been utilized as treatment for a variety of autoimmune diseases, such as rheumatoid arthritis and systemic lupus erythematosus, and other inflammatory and dermatologic conditions. Apr 20, 2011 In 2002, the American Academy of Ophthalmology AAO established ocular examination guidelines for screening patients on Plaquenil therapy. Testing included a comprehensive eye exam that consisted of an assessment of the posterior segment with careful evaluation of associated macular changes or signs of retinal disease. 4 Baseline fundus photography was considered as an optional test. Initially, central visual acuity may be unaffected, but the patient may notice related paracentral scotomas that often interfere with reading. The associated classic retinal toxicity is described as a bull’s eye maculopathy (ring of depigmented retinal pigment epithelium that spares the foveal area). Hydroxychloroquine test for eyes RCOphth guideline Hydroxychloroquine and Chloroquine., Hydroxychloroquine retinopathy A review of imaging Plaquenil retinal toxicity cumulative dose calculator In rare cases, hydroxychloroquine can cause visual changes or loss of vision. Such vision problems are more likely to occur in individuals taking high doses for many years, individuals 60 years or older, or those with significant kidney disease. At the recommended dose, development of visual problems due to the medication is rare. Hydroxychloroquine Plaquenil. New Plaquenil Guidelines. Hydroxychloroquine screening. Plaquenil is usually used for long term disease control, rather than in the short term to control active bursts of inflammation. Plaquenil has important but uncommon side effects that may affect your eye. How does Plaquenil affect your eyes? Hydroxychloroquine Plaquenil is used to treat malaria, lupus, and rheumatoid arthritis. Learn about side effects, warnings, dosage, and more. The tests they may do include eye exams. Jan 18, 2019 What can Hydroxychloroquine Plaquenil do to my eyes? Hydroxychloroquine Plaquenil was originally used to treat malaria and is now used mostly to treat rheumatological and dermatological diseases. Its most frequent use now is for Rheumatoid Arthritis RA and Lupus and is often very effective in mitigating the joint and arthritic symptoms these diseases can cause.